please click below to:
Castle of Ourém
a strange object from an old olive oil factory.
an ancient symbol of justice.
a charming little garden
After reaching its peak in the 15th century, the town entered a period of relative decadence. The town and castle were greatly damaged by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake and the Napoleonic Invasions.
Afonso Henriques captured the initial castle from the Moors in 1136. But the current triangular-shaped castle was built in 1178.
Formed by three towers in a triangular perimeter, the centre of the square contains an enormous ogival tank, fed by a spring.
The tower on the north-west side is called the "
The north side of the castle contains the "Terreiro de S. Tiago" gardens, the centre of which is home to the statue of
D. Nuno Alvares Pereira, the 3rd Count of Ourem, who apparently set out from the castle during the famous Battle of Aljubarrota.
On the south side, facing the castle, the
To cope with the growing population, the walls had to be extended so as to protect the town; today, you can still see the city gates and those of Santarém.
Count D. Alfonso, grandson of King D. João I, is credited with transforming the castle into a residential palace. He also built the Gothic stone fountain with its coat of arms at the entrance to the town.